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The old neighborhoods at center of the town

 

1- Origin name of Harouf - Population - Families - Neighborhoods

 
2- Town Historical Privileges - Managerial, Educational and Industrial Institutions
 

3- Harouf and Water Project... (Tasseh Spring)

 
4- Population Distributions
 
5- Harouf Since 50 fifty years ago
 

 

 

The Town Location:

Harouf.. is a town from the district of Nabateiyeh City, South of Lebanon. It's away from it around 5 kms, from the West, rising from the sea 480 meters, and is considered as an important educational, commercial and trading area. It's bordered by five neighboring villages nearby are;Dwair, Toul, Jibsheet, Zibdeen and Shukeen.

Harouf Map - Neighboring Towns

 

Marj Harouf - Industrial Trading Area

 

Marj Harouf - the sale of spare parts for new and used cars

 

 

A1- Origin of name for Harouf:

The origin name of the word (Harouf), is the Arabic word "Harf", (edge), means limitation or party. It called so, because of  the geographical location of the homes of old Harouf, which had rested on the shoulder or edge of the mountain (Harouf the Mountain), which is  currently extends from the building of (Husseineih) to the East until the deep mountain valley to the West. It may also be from order style, an acquisition and possession, or perhaps from a Syrianic word (HARUFA), meaning the burning stinging taste and cliffy edge. 

 

An old building house in the plaza of the old town

 

 

Harouf old mosque (Al-Thughrah) at the entrance to the town

 

B1- Population:

With residents, about 15,000 souls. The number of houses about 1,100 houses, covering an area of 7,700 dunums = 7.7 sq km, and the number of voters are 3,753 electors.

 

One of pharmacies operating in the town

 

C1- Families, which represents community of Harouf:

(Ayub Harb), Ayyash, Harqous, Atwi, Fahss, Houmani, Karaki, Jaradi, Shami, Wehbi, Awadah, Hamdan, Shukor, Nagi, Moussa, Hashim, Shaheen, Rezha, Hassoun, Bawwab, Shbeeb, Nasr, Braytea, Badreddin, Bishara, Najm, Kamal, Hraibi, Baalbaki, Moukaddem. In addition to new families, as to the new naturalization, as Shahrour, Shaear , Al-Sayed, and Baydhoun.

The reputation of the people of Harouf, interesting in science and learning, graduated lot of doctors, lawyers, journalists, patent sculptors, militaries, teachers, a number of men of thought and literature, and where a very large proportion of intellectuals, academics, and high university degrees .

 

 

The main town's mosque

 

D1- Residential Neighborhoods:

Marj Harouf, Al-Nasiriyah, Sakran neighborhood, Al Baydar, Shakreih, Main Square (plaza), Al-Eyen, Al-Jabal, Khallet Al-Zaatar, Al-Bayyadh, Al-Thughrah, Al-Tayyouneh, Ksar, Alzagarin, Al-Qalaa, Bayyadh Al-Assafeer, Khallet Al-Teen, Al-Shamaliyat, Al-Dhaher, Al-ssaff neighborhood... And others.

 

One of the old neighborhoods in the plaza

 

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A2- Town Privileges:

Historical Monuments in Harouf:

Harouf... as any Lebanese village, was not born overnight, it is deeply rooted in history, with the evidence raised of its caves monuments effects, the old utensils and sarcophagus deployed in its caves, which is still fixed landmarks to this day, despite of the of natural and geographical disasters over the time, as earthquakes, eclipsed, erosion and other factors.

 

It is likely that most of the Harouf monuments, are due to the Byzantine covenants, after having found the fossils contain crosses, jars, various potteries, clay utensils and sporadic earthenware as jugs and so forth. Perhaps due to the deeper eras in history as shown insisted fossils in (Dairqays) in the Eastern outlying area of Harouf town, or in (Al-Jabbanah) cave, and (Al-Bayyadh) cave. However, in Harouf, there are some famous aspects and monuments, some of them turn to forget, and some still continue to stubbornly defy the natural factors and horrors... including:

 

Husseineiyah in Harouf

 

1- Mills ( Al-Maasser):

Mills.. are two great basins digging in the rock, one is rectangular with 2x1meter, the second rounded in a cylinder dimensions ranging between one meter of diameter and a half meters to rise, the surrounding area has  named by its name.. (Al-Maasser). It is likely the elderly in the town, were either using them for oil or alcohol throughout the history. But today they have held their texture houses for (Nasr) families, wasting the historical landmarks, and the region has became, since the early 1970s, known as (Nasiriyah), that region which is located in the South-West of the outlying area of Harouf.

 

2- The Birds Valley (Wadi Al-assafeer):

It is a flat valley, few depth of about 40 meters in maximum depth, but this famous nickname refers to be the habitat for gangs during France days. Also its land witnessed the conflict between the (Saabeyyeen) leaders, the governors of (Shaqeef), from the Northern (Besharah) lands, as instructed by one of these leaders to assassinate Sayyed Hassan Fahss, from the neighboring town, Jebsheet, bordering the area of the birds valley of Harouf.

While its geographical location, is in the Southern region of Harouf real estate, between the village of Jebsheet and Harouf. This valley also played a prominent role in ambushes, during the domestic conflict, which was fueled by the Othmanians in precedent periods, for distracted them from the liberal and fateful duty, and inspired them by conflicts among themselves in the late of the Nineteenth Century.

 

 Bazzaz Archaeological Cave

 

3- (Bazzaz)  Cave:

Named so, due to the crest stones and rocks, as the cow breasts, closer to the large hanging of the water droplets from the ceiling and aspects over the years.

It is a large cave under the rock flat plateau, ranging in length from East to West about 30 meters, and in width from the North to the South 20 meters, the rise in some respects up to three meters.

Containing inside a corridor within a length of about 10 meters with only one meter in width. Its famous and importance raises on the forms of its stones. Some looks like the lion, others like the chandeliers strung, etc.., Today, it is the destination of many of the residents and villagers of neighboring towns, to enjoy and see its natural features, it's located in the Western outlying area of Harouf.

 

4- (Shakeriah) Neighborhood:

This neighborhood has like warm historic character, which is distinctive from the rest of lamentations of Harouf, where involve a close goes back to the days of the feudal conflict  between (Al-Sagheer) family and (Sukur) family in 1649, the year in which the (Amel Lands) where the rule is turned to (Ali Al-Sagheer) family, after their assassination victory over (Shukur) families in Tibneen and Qana towns in attending a wedding.

 

As a result, the (Shukur) families spread in the villages of Nabatiyeh, Jebsheet, Kfarrumman, Al-Reihan and Harouf, after tracking them by Sheikh/ Hussein bin Ali Al-Sagheer, revenge for his fathers and grandparents. Shukur families have established their residential area in the Southern limitation of Harouf, as workers or feudal committed. Hence the point where they resided, gained their family name (Shakeriah), which formed a small separate rally, still carrying their name to the present day.

 

(Dairqays).. The Archeological Area

 

5- (Dairqays).. The Archeological:

A name to smell of history smelling and pure platonic love, what in the name of (Qays) some of the literature inspirations in the pre-Islamic literature with (Emreaulqays) in love with the following (Layla Al-Ameri).

This Southern-Eastern spot in the outlying area of Harouf, with the historical rocks, wells and stone amphitheater, as (Qays) ancient ruins, which all are still evident, likely it is actually goes back to the pre-Islamic covenant, the covenant of (Emreaulqays), which confirms that, the thresholds over there.

 

B2- Administrative Institutions:

Its municipal council, consisting of 15 members. It has three mayors, two official schools, three private schools, more than five social associations, three printing houses, a sporting club, a health clinic, three pharmacies, two farms of cattle and cows, four fuel stations, four sewing labs, a large number of shops in the side of the industrial region, four plants nurseries, a dispatch station of the official television, and another for strengthening transmission and reception of cellular phone services.

 

Municipal Center of Harouf

 

C2- Production:

Harouf rely mainly on the educational sector, construction, trade, local agriculture and some wood and metal industries, and others...

 

D2- Water:

Harouf feed mainly from (Tasseh Spring), in addition to the artesian well in the town, (Fakhreddin) wells, and several small springs and fountains, such as: (Eyen Bneet), (Eyen Al-Dahabb), the town well and others...

 

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3- Harouf and Water Project... (Tasseh Spring)

This project represents a turning point in the region in drinking and irrigation water. The (Ameli) leader, Youssef Azzein made then, his best for the success of this project done, although that cost him dearly, of material and financial levels. At the physical level, Youssef Azzein has spent enormous sums of money, which led under the weight of the need and borrowing.

In political terms, this project has led to the dispute between him and "Bichkoov" the tax charge of the Governor French in Lebanon, but Youssef Azzein remained in stationary position, although with many types of pressures. "The project then completed, which benefited from it the following towns:  "Nabatiyeh Tahta" and  "Fawqa",  "Harouf",  "Zibdin" and "Kfarrumman".

The celebration of this achievement, which was considered the first of its kind at that time, a celebration was popular in the area of, "Al_Hawouz" in the town of "Kfarrumman" on the 28th of January 1924. Harouf has represented to the concert the poet Professor Mohammad Ali Al-Houmani, and his brother Sheikh/ Hussein Al-Houmani, and the town mayor then Assayyed/ Amin Qassim Badreddin, and may the poet Mohammad Ali Al-Houmani has prepared a poem in this occasion, he said at the very beginning of the (Simple and Bless the Deformation):

من فيضِ كفيْكَ هــذا البحـــرُ منفجــرٌ            ومن سمائك هـذا الغيثُ منهمـرُ

يا تاركاً حصــَبَ الغـبــراءِ تحســــدُه            عليكَ فوق السماءِ الأنجمُ الزُّهرُ

هل أبصروكَ على عرشِ العلى ملكاً            إكليلهُ الكـلمُ المنظــومُ لا الـدُّرَرُ

This poem was influential in the minds of revellers.....

 

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Secondary Harouf first official school in Sakran neighborhood

 

Harouf second official school English section

 

 New Lebanon's secondary school, one of activated private schools

 
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A4- Population Distributions in terms of:

1- The Evolution of Population:

Year

The number of the population (people)

1960

13300

1980

13900

2001

15000

 

 

2- As Economic Activities:

Private

Profession

No.

Percentage

I

Agriculture

7

2,55

II

Industry

12

4,36

III

Trade

 16  

5,82

IV

Health

3

1,09
 

 

3- Educational level who are in the phase of the study:

Educational level

No.

 Percentage

un educated

6

4,08

kindergarten

25

17,1

Primary

57

38,77

Intermediate

33

22,45

Secondary

10

6,80

Professional

6

4,08

University

7

4,76

Postgraduate Studies

3

2,05

Total

147

100 %

 

 

Note that, this field study, included a sample of the population of the town, for about 50 families of different educational and economic levels. So, it is not a comprehensive study of all the population of Harouf.

 
 

Harouf since 50 fifty years ago...

An old house at Al- Shakeriya area facing the old Harouf square

Main road beside Al-Husayniya

An agricultural area at Al-Shakeriya

 
 

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